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                  7 min read

                  Guidelines to Solving for Accessibility as a Web Developer

                  Featured Image

                  The CDC estimates that 1 in 4 adults in the United States (or 20% of the world's population) has a disability, which involves many people having to experience the web in different ways.

                  Web accessibility means that everyone can access web content equally. As a web designer, it is important to understand the what ADA compliance is, the financial and legal implications, and how to solve for accessibility as a developer.

                  Here's a Guideline to Solving for Accessibility as a Web Developer:

                  1. Understanding Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
                  2. ADA Compliance Improves SEO Performance
                  3. The Most Common Accessibility Errors
                  4. How to Test for Accessibility Compliance
                  5. Make Your Website ADA Compliant

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                  Understanding Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG)

                  Is ADA compliance mandatory for websites? Yes! In 2018, the DOJ clarified that websites are considered places of public accommodation and must comply with ADA Title III. In 2022, the DOJ reaffirmed it and recommended WCAG 2.1 AA as the best practice.

                  The WCAG are considered the gold standard for web accessibility. They are a set of recommendations that define the steps you can take to make a website accessible. These principals are represented by the acronym POUR.

                  • Perceivable - Users must be able to perceive the information using one of their senses. Individuals with visual impairments, for example, may use a screen reader to access the information on your website.
                  • Operable - A user must be able to perform any interaction that the website requires, regardless of how they’re accessing the website. Individuals with motor disabilities may navigate through your website using keyboard interactions only, or using other assistive technology.
                  • Understandable - The text content on the page is easily readable and the user interface is consistent across pages and provides the user with appropriate cues. These kinds of accessibility optimizations may be helpful for users with cognitive impairments but all users will benefit from easy-to-read, organized web pages.
                  • Robust - The content must be developed using well adopted web standards that will work across different browsers and assistive technologies, now and in the future.

                  ADA Compliance Improves SEO Performance

                  What is ADA compliance and how does it affect your website? Over 70% of all websites are inaccessible to individuals with visual impairments. By opening up your website to an additional 20% of the global population that lives with a disability, businesses see increased traffic, reduced bounce rates, improved SEO rankings, and better conversion rates. An accessible website means that you’re making it easier for people to find your website.

                   analyzed 847 web domains and found that:

                  • There was a 12% average increase in overall traffic for all domains
                  • 73.4% of domains saw growth in organic traffic
                  • 66.1% of all domains saw growth in organic traffic of up to 50%

                  The Most Common Accessibility Errors

                  WebAIM Million conducted a study where they found 96.7% of the accessibility errors found fell into these categories:

                  1. Low contrast text
                  2. Missing alternative text for images
                  3. Missing form input labels
                  4. Empty inks
                  5. Missing document language
                  6. Empty buttons
                  7. Misuse of Heading tag structure

                  By simply addressing these issues on your site, you significantly improve accessibility.

                  How to Test for Accessibility Compliance

                  There are two ways to test websites for ADA compliance: Automated and Manual testing.

                  Automated Testing for Web Accessibility

                  There are a few automated testing tools available for use. Most of the free tools found online don't show you where the errors are found, mainly just an overview. It's important to note that a single automated testing tool may not find every issue on your web page, so it's advisable to use multiple tools when performing accessibility testing.

                  Try using Google Chrome and the axe DevTools extension to run automated accessibility tests.

                  Vested also offers ADA compliance audits. Click here for more information!

                  Blind person using assistive keyboard on computer

                  Manuel Testing for Web Accessibility

                  Although automated testing is convenient, we recommend manually testing your site as well.

                  Keyboard Testing

                  Tab through your webpage or website using the tab key. Make sure the appropriate elements receive focus. Focused elements should have an outline and the tabbing order should make sense. Make sure to test all forms, that they are able to be completed and submitted using only your keyboard. Lastly, test the mobile version of your page as well.

                  Screen Reader Testing

                  If you're using a Mac, there is a built-in VoiceOver screen reader and if you’re using Windows, use the built-in Narrator screen reader, or NVDA, an open-source screen reader. While testing the screen reader's function on your site, be sure to look for alternative text on images and labels on form controls.

                  You'll also want to pay close attention to the header, main content, navigation and footer areas, which are known as Landmarks. Adding landmarks make it easier for individuals using assistive technology to navigate your page.

                  To add landmarks to the page, use HTML semantic elements. A semantic element indicates the purpose of the content within it. A non-semantic element, like a div, is just a general grouping element and doesn’t describe the purpose of its content. In order to be accessible for all users, it is recommended to use semantic elements instead of non-semantic elements.

                  Lastly, be sure to add a "skip to content" link to your website, which allows users using assistive technology to skip to the main content of your page. Without a skip to content link, the user would have to navigate through all of the links on the page before reaching the main content, making navigation less efficient.

                  Zoom Testing

                  It's important to test the zoom feature on your site to make sure that elements don't overlap, content is readable and reflows correctly and that the keyboard navigation and screen readers still work when zoom is in use.

                  Make Your Website ADA Compliant

                  By putting the above practices into place when developing websites, you not only mitigate the risks of legal ramifications, but you also tap into a market of a previously missed market - increasing traffic, SEO rankings, and profits.

                  Because staying compliant is an ongoing commitment and requires monthly management, Vested has partnered with an automated accessWidget to cut compliance costs and make web accessibility possible for users with all disabilities.

                  With the accessWidget, you receive:

                  • Fast and Easy Implementation: It takes 2 minutes to install the JavaScript code on the site
                  • Ongoing Remediation: accessWidget scans and monitors the website every 24 hours to ensure any new content you upload is remediated
                  • Litigation Support: The purchase of accessWidget comes with a Litigation Support Package, taking care of everything plus providing all necessary documentation for all case scenarios.
                  • Affordable: It costs $490 per year per domain
                  • ADA Tax Credit: You can receive up to $5,000 a year in tax benefits and reduce your overall prices on web accessibility products and services.

                  Have questions about ADA compliance, regulations, development or the automated accessWidget? Contact Vested, a HubSpot Partner, and one of our team members will reach out to you shortly!

                  Contact Vested about ADA compliance, regulations, and development

                  About Vested Marketing

                  Vested Marketing | Lafayette LAAs a certified HubSpot Partner Agency, we not only understand the benefits of using the inbound marketing platform to increase traffic and engagement, improve SEO, generate leads, design effective websites and boost sales, we know how to make it happen.

                  We are inbound marketing experts, SEO gurus and top-notch website developers.

                  Our team of Engineers Turned Marketers can help get you noticed - for a more innovative and effective way to reach customers, or provide a more seamless way for companies to find your services. Inbound Marketing has no limit to industry, serving from Crypto & NFT, mining, oil and gas, technology & automation, engineering, technology, construction, healthcare, to industrial & manufacturing.

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